Who is Unia? What are our responsibilities? How can we help you? What should you do if you have experienced or witnessed discrimination? On this page, you'll find answers to the most frequently asked questions.


The aim of these frequently asked questions (FAQ) is to provide you with answers to questions about our organisation, our services and our tools.

If you do not find the answer to your question, please don't hesitate to contact us by mail to info@unia.be.

Faq question

What is the official status of Unia?

Unia is a public institution. It is an independent, interfederal expert in the area of equal opportunities and antidiscrimination. Unia is therefore neither an NGO nor an association.

Who determines Unia’s duties?

Unia’s duties are determined by the federal government, the Regions and the Communities.

Is Unia active internationally?

Yes. Unia is recognised internationally and at multiple levels as an institution that protects human rights and combats discrimination.

Is Unia independent from politics?

Unia fulfils its responsibilities with full independence, according to the cooperation agreement of 12 June 2013. Unia’s independence has moreover been recognised internationally.

How many people work at Unia?

In 2018, there were 105 full-time equivalents working at Unia, divided among 7 operational departments and 3 transversal departments.

How is Unia funded?

Unia is chiefly funded by the Federal Authority, the Regions and the Communities. This funding is provided for in the cooperation agreement of 12 June 2013.

How much does Unia cost per person?

Unia costs a little under one euro per taxpayer, per year.

What is the role of Unia?

Unia’s mission is to fight discrimination and to defend equal opportunities. 

What doesn’t Unia do?

Unia may only act within the framework of its official responsibilities, which means that it is not able to defend all victims of discrimination.

Who can get help from Unia?

Anyone who feels that he or she has experienced or witnessed discrimination based on one of the 17 criteria for which Unia is competent may contact us.

What should you do if you have been discriminated?

You can report the situation using our online form, by telephone or at one of our local contact points.

What to do if you witness discrimination or hate speech?

Use our online form to report the situation you witnessed.

What happens with your report?

Unia will analyse your situation to figure out how to help you.

When will Unia take legal action?

Unia always favours settling a conflict through mediation. However, very rarely, it may initiate or participate in legal action.

Are Unia’s services free of charge?

Yes. Unia provides its advice and information free of charge.

What happens with your personal data when you contact Unia?

Unia handles your report or information request in keeping with its privacy statement.

What are the major publications by Unia?

Unia publishes study reports and informative brochures to share its expertise in the area of equal opportunities and non-discrimination.

How to consult the Unia publications?

Digital versions of all Unia publications are accessible free of charge on our website.

What are the tools for fighting discrimination in Belgium?

Unia offers a wide range of tools for promoting equal opportunity and fighting discrimination. The aim is to provide targeted answers to specific questions.