An employer refuses to employ people of foreign origin, claiming that the customers don’t want foreigners; someone is unfairly dismissed following a work accident; an employer puts a stop to a hiring procedure when they find out the applicant is deaf; a worker is the subject of repeated jokes regarding his presumed homosexuality, etc.
Discrimination in employment can occur during a recruitment procedure, while under contract or at the end of it. It can be intentional, with the deliberate aim of discriminating against someone or harming them (direct discrimination) or it can be subconscious. It can also be the indirect consequence of various decisions or procedures (indirect discrimination).
Harassment or intimidation, as well as the refusal to implement reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities are also forbidden by the Anti-discrimination Law.
What does Unia do?
Unia combats discrimination in employment based on all the criteria for which it is competent, by:
- advising and supporting discriminated persons;
- establishing reports and studies, including: Socioeconomic Monitoring and the Diversity Barometer: Employment;
- by informing employers of anti-discrimination legislation (especially through eDiv online training), reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities, methods of managing religious diversity, etc.;
- providing the authorities concerned with recommendations;
- consulting with the sector, public authorities and associations.
Victim or witness
Find content on Employment
Recent articles Employment
Court describes effects of cancer as disability for the first time
An employer should have made adaptations to enable a woman who was unable to work for a long time due to cancer to continue doing her job, according to a ruling by the Brussels Labour Court. This is the first time that a court has recognised the lasting effects of cancer as a disability. The judge ordered the employer to pay 12,500 euros in compensation to the employee for discrimination. Unia acted as intervener in the case.
Unia reacts to the report on discrimination by the Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA)
Out of all survey-respondents of North African and Turkish origin who experienced discrimination in the past year in Belgium, 20% said it had occurred on the job market, while the European average on this point is 12%. This figure was brought to Unia’s attention in the Second EU-MIDIS report by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).
Recent publications Employment
Annual report 2015. Living together put to the test.
The year 2015 left a deep mark on our society. Violent conflicts and tensions on a global scale have had a direct impact on us. As we finalise this annual report, Belgium is suffering the repercussions of the bomb attacks at Zaventem airport and Maelbeek metro station in Brussels.