A club refuses entry to young Roma people; an applicant isn’t chosen by a company because they aren’t European; a Moroccan woman and her family are harassed by their neighbours; a rental advertisement states 'No blacks'; a cafe-owner tells customers that 'neither Jews nor dogs are welcome'; someone in a discussion forum incites 'the deportation of Muslims'; etc.


Anti-racism and anti-discrimination legislation helps combat:

  • direct or indirect discrimination: refusals to hire or dismiss a person, refusal to rent to someone, statutory measures concerning the criteria of 'religious and philosophical beliefs';
  • hate speech: incitement to hatred, violence or discrimination;
  • hate crimes: various acts of violence, physical and verbal aggression, harassment at school, at the workplace, while practising sports, over the internet and through social media.

Five so-called 'racial' criteria are included in the Anti-Discrimination Act: nationality, skin colour, descent, national or ethnic origin.

What does Unia do?

Unia combats racism in all its forms by:

  • advising and supporting discriminated persons;
  • information and awareness-raising campaigns, and training;
  • establishing reports and studies, including the following annual reports: 'Discrimination/Diversity 2013' (Focus on Racism) and 'Socioeconomic Monitoring';
  • informing employers about anti-discrimination legislation (especially through eDiv online training);
  • providing the authorities concerned with recommendations;
  • consulting with the sector, public authorities and associations.

Unia is also competent to act on the basis of the Negationism Law.


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