Diversity Barometer Education (2018)
Unia commissioned a study to be carried out about equal opportunities in the schools in the three Communities in Belgium. The Diversity Barometer Education is the final part of a triptych. The first two parts were about Employment (2012) and Housing (2014).
Education is an essential link and probably the single most important condition for promoting integration, combating exclusion and exercising civil rights. Nevertheless, there are significant inequalities in the Belgian education system. That is certainly the case when the social background, gender, disability or sexual orientation of the pupils are taken into account. Unia therefore wanted to investigate the current situation and uncover the mechanisms that contribute to inequalities in the different educational systems in Belgium.
We assigned the investigative work to academic researchers. They conducted a survey in the three Communities in Belgium. The discrimination criteria selected for the study were ethic background, social background, disability and sexual orientation.
The study focuses on various questions, such as:
- What policy and what practices do schools apply in relation to diversity?
- How does the school orientation process work? And how do pupils of foreign origin, or those who have a low socio-economic status or disability, end up being referred to less favourable programmes of study?
- What are the chief results of the current research on education in Belgium?
Research by the KU Leuven, UGent and ULB
The study, which you can download on this page, is the result of long-term scientific research by the KU Leuven, UGent and ULB. The research was supported by the Ministers of Education of the three Communities and by the Minister for Equal Opportunity for the French-speaking Community.
Unia coordinated the research. Moreover, based on the research results and on our own expertise in the area of education, we formulated a number of policy recommendations. With the Diversity Barometer Education, we thus want to provide an instrument that contributes to initiatives for reducing inequality in education and to promoting a policy for equal opportunities and diversity.
Read the complete study
The Diversity Barometer Education is available for download in the three national languages:
Annual report 2020: vulnerable human rights in times of crisis
In this extraordinary year, Unia continued to fight for human rights and equality. The corona pandemic acted like a magnifying glass. Those already in a vulnerable position were often the first or hardest hit by Covid-19 or its measures.
Evaluation of federal anti-discrimination legislation (2017)
Article 52 of the Anti-Discrimination Law states that the application and effectiveness of the anti-discrimination laws must be assessed by the Legislative Chambers. Unia has prepared an assessment report on the Anti-Discrimination Law and the Anti-Racism Law based on its own practical experience, national jurisprudence and its general expertise in the fight against discrimination.
Annual report 2015. Living together put to the test.
The year 2015 left a deep mark on our society. Violent conflicts and tensions on a global scale have had a direct impact on us. As we finalise this annual report, Belgium is suffering the repercussions of the bomb attacks at Zaventem airport and Maelbeek metro station in Brussels.
Socio-economic Monitoring 2019: labour market and origin
In Belgium, a person's origin is still an obstacle on the labour market. To help change this situation, the Federal Public Service Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue and Unia have jointly developed the ‘Socio-economic Monitoring’. A fourth publication, in line with the three previous ones, has just been published.